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Rooted In Dairy Science

Featured Products

Rooted In Dairy Science


Featured Products

Dairy Plant Cleaning – Something New is Circulating!

In recent issues, we have looked in-depth at milk quality, particularly Bactoscans and how they are affected by poor pre-milking processes. In this issue, we look at the more commonly recognised area of plant hygiene and how procedures and processes here, can affect results. We also look at what is a step-change in circulation cleaning which is available to dairies right now.

During the milking process, milk is transferred through the pipeline system where it ultimately ends up in the bulk milk tank. Whilst in transit however, some constituents of milk can be deposited on interior surfaces including the bulk tank and milk fats are usually the first residues to accumulate. These fats can act as a food source and magnet to any bacterial pathogens that are present in the milk and can quickly grow and develop in number due to the warm, moist environment.

Post milking it is recommended to rinse through with warm water first to flush as much residual milk from the system as possible. The reason for this is that a hot water circulation wash will transform calcium and magnesium phosphates as well as proteins in milk, into a hard deposit called milk-stone. Hard water can worsen this deposition. This provides an increased surface area within the pipe to attract bacteria. (Fig: 1)

Fig: 1


Traditionally, a two-stage approach to circulation cleaning has been used to minimise the risks to milk quality. This has been based on:

Morning Alkaline wash – Removes milk fats, proteins, minerals and other deposits
Evening Acid wash – Removes milk stone and calcium deposits

The fundamentals of this system are sound however like many process-driven areas on dairies, success can be compromised by failures to follow the process. In this example, the complicated nature of the process can lead to confusion and ultimately failure. This is where the experience of qualified milk quality specialists like the team at Pearce Dairy, can be valuable to farms by employing audits and where necessary troubleshooting, to identify issues.

A New Alternative to Plant Hygiene

Where milk quality is being compromised or a farm is striving for ever-better results, having two processes and two different products on-farm is an obvious bottleneck to improvement in milk quality. To address this, CID Lines have recently launched into the UK market a brand-new approach to circulation cleaning with new DM CLEAN FORTE.

DM Clean Forte is an Alkaline-based circulation cleaner and due to its novel chemistry, can easily remove milk stone and calcium deposits as well as milk fats, proteins and minerals in both plant and DX bulk milk tanks.

Being chlorine-free and approved for use in milk production, DM Clean forte can be the only drum needed in the entire circulation cleaning process, simplifying procedures and providing milk quality peace of mind to dairy managers, processors and consumers.

 

Key Features of the DM Clean Forte Program:

  • Removes fats, proteins, minerals, milk stone and calcium deposits
  • Chlorine-free, meeting all milk processor requirements for plant and DX bulk tank cleaning
  • Cost effective dilution rates
  • Effective at temperatures of between 35 and 60 degrees C
  • Works well in hard water areas
  • Contains buffering agents making it non-aggressive to rubber and silicone
  • Pack sizes available - 25kg, 240kg and 1,150kg IBC
  • Reduced electricity and repair costs

 

DM Clean Forte Farmer Experience



John Mitchell milks 120 dairy cows at Creek farm, Mattingley, Hampshire. John is passionate about his cows and producing high quality milk which he supplies to Arla. Producing the quality milk constituents needed as well as minimising penalties with poor milk quality, means that John is focused on the smallest details to ensure the maximum value from milk produced.

An older but functional parlour and plant system strikes a balance between manageable investment cost and efficiency in operation. John commented:

“We are paid on weight of milk so we need to keep on top of issues like Bactoscan”

Creek farm is in a hard water area and one direct consequence of this was that there was a gradual build-up of scale on hot water boiling tank elements. This led to issues with bacteria in the system as well as a slow and gradual reduction in output temperature, leading to a drop in plant cleaning performance. This was identified after investigation and regular element changes introduced to stop the problem. John added:

“We found the issue to be in the bulk milk (DX) tank. We changed cleaning products occasionally but needed something to use consistently in the tank wash”.

Looking into the issue with their local dairy hygiene specialist Trevor Samways, John was introduced to new DM Clean Forte for the tank wash. Trevor commented:

“DM Clean Forte is a new way of thinking that comes from the food hygiene industry with a product that is Alkaline-based, but has novel extra-ingredients that allow the product to remove all residues at relatively low temperatures. Whilst we only used DM Clean Forte in the bulk tank at John’s, it can be used for overall plant circulation cleaning”.

John Summed up his experiences:

“Simply put, DM Clean Forte does the job and gives me peace of mind”

Please click here to view the article



Topical Wound Disinfection

For decades, the "go-to" product for topical application to wounds and other areas of damaged skin has been the trusty can of "purple spray" from the vet. This has remained constant through both name and colour changes to the product however these types of topical sprays still contain an antibiotic; part of the reason why they have been so successful over the years. A logical question however is, "why use an antibiotic spray in situations where there is no infection?" When a wound could potentially result in an infection, an antibiotic preparation should quite rightly be considered, however in many cases, particularly where the wound or tissue is fresh and uncontaminated (e.g. navels) or as a result of surgery, (e.g. disbudding), an alternative treatment might be considered.

KENOFIX - A BRAND NEW SOLUTION

Keno fix is a bright blue topical aerosol spray that is used in many species including cattle, sheep, pigs and horses. Kenofix does not contain an antibiotic and instead uses a powerful disinfectant Chlorocresol, which is used successfully in many applications worldwide. Available in large 300ml cans, Kenofix is mixed with  the propellant so that it sprays reliably at any angle until the last drop. Once applied, Kenofix dries fast forming a breathable, robust disinfecting "second skin" that allows the wound to heal quickly. It also contains Bitrex which acts as a repellant to the animal and other animals if they attempt to lick the wound.

Key features of Kenofix include:

  • Contains a powerful disinfectant
  • Forms a breathable, polymer-based "second skin"
  • Large volume aerosol spray can
  • Reliable spray performance to the last drop
  • Contains Bitrex licking deterrent
  • Visible bright blue spray
  • Contains tea tree oil



CID Lines Article - Bio Security – Winning the Important Battles

Please click here to view the article







CID Lines Article - The Bactoscan Conundrum

Please click here to view the article






Ultra - Dri

Beating the Bedding Disease Challenge

The UK climate means that our animals will almost inevitably be housed at some stage during the farming year, increasing the challenge from diseases. Whether these are dairy cows in cubicles, ewes in lambing pens, calves in individual or group hutches or any one of the number of other systems adopted on-farm, animals in a more intensive environment can increase the infection pressure leading to the risk of disease and lost productivity. Linked ever more closely to this issue is the fact that we need to continue putting downward pressure on the use of antimicrobials to treat infections, helping to combat the huge issue of antimicrobial resistance that we are facing globally.

In recent issues of the magazine, we highlighted farm bio-security, focusing on disinfectant procedures at the farm gate and in calf housing disinfection. This month, we focus on dynamic disinfection within the animal’s environment, looking specifically at bedding hygiene.

There are many different options for bedding material available including straw, paper and shavings. Cubicles in particular present even more options including sand and green bedding however irrespective of the bedding product, pathogens like bacteria, viruses and fungi must be considered endemic and therefore within the scope for control measures.

Bedding “conditioners” have become increasingly popular in the last twenty years and the range of products can be overwhelming with products ranging from relatively inexpensive lime-based products through to more costly sanitizers. However, cost is not necessarily the best criteria for selection with some less-expensive licensed options with great efficacy, now available.

Choosing a bedding conditioner

When selecting a bedding conditioner, it is important to understand what is needed and there are some key identified features to look out for which can provide assurance of efficacy.

  • Fast acting
  • Broad spectrum pathogen kill
  • DEFRA approved disinfectant
  • Ultra-high absorbency
  • Non-Caustic to skin or surfaces
  • Persistent activity

It is crucial to understand that irrespective of the quality of the chosen product, excellent hygiene standards in the environment are paramount to optimize the chances of the product working successfully.

Ultra - Dri

Ultra- Dri is a highly absorbent, dry formulation disinfectant powder which is suitable for any farm livestock situation including dairy, beef, sheep, pigs and poultry. Typical situations where Ultra – Dri has demonstrated great results include:

  • Poultry sheds to minimise disease challenge
  • Cubicle sanitization to help reduce high Somatic Cell counts
  • Calf housing to combat common bacterial and viral diseases
  • Lambing pens to reduce disease build-up

The disinfectant contained in Ultra – Dri is DEFRA approved and effectively kills most pathogens within 5 minutes, helping to provide day to day control of diseases. Ultra – Dri is dual-skin packaged in handy 25kg bags and is applied onto the floor of animal housing at the recommended rate (dosing range 50-100gms/m2), for the specific situation.



KENOFIX - protective barrier spray for skin & hooves


Tropical Wound Disinfection

For decades, the “go-to” product for topical application to wounds and other areas of damaged skin has been the trusty can of “purple spray” from the vet. This has remained constant through both name and colour changes to the product however these types of topical sprays still contain an antibiotic; part of the reason why they have been so successful over the years.

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is now well recognised as being one of the key issues facing not just production livestock, but humanity itself, so the efforts and results we are seeing in reducing antimicrobial use in farming is critical to the success of preserving the active ingredients that we have available. A logical question is therefore, “why use an antibiotic spray in situations where there is no infection?”

When a wound could potentially result in an infection, an antibiotic preparation should quite rightly be considered, however in many cases, particularly where the wound or tissue is fresh and uncontaminated (e.g. navels) or as a result of surgery, (e.g. disbudding), an alternative treatment might be considered.

There are many products on the market that are available for wound dressing. Some key types include:

  • Antibiotic spray (vet prescribed)
  • Non-antibiotic “second skin” disinfectant sprays
  • General disinfectants such as Iodine
  • Powder dressings
  • Gels

For areas not needing an antibiotic treatment, it is important to consider some key needs for the animal and of the product, when choosing the right one to use.

  • Disinfects the area
  • Non irritant
  • Adheres to the area
  • Provides residual action
  • Is not attractive to other animals in the group (licking)
  • Allows Oxygen to reach the area
  • Promotes healing


Kenofix – A Brand New Solution

Kenofix is a bright blue topical aerosol spray that is used in many species including cattle, sheep, pigs and horses. Kenofix does not contain an antibiotic and instead uses a powerful disinfectant Chlorocresol, which is used successfully in many applications worldwide. Available in large 300ml cans, Kenofix is mixed with the propellant so that it sprays reliably at any angle until the last drop.

Once applied, Kenofix dries fast forming a breathable, robust disinfecting “second skin” that allows the wound to heal quickly. It also contains Bitrex which acts as a repellent to the animal and other animals if they attempt to lick the wound.

Examples of applications that Kenofix can be used for include:

  • Disbudding
  • Post-operative situations (e.g. caesarean operations)
  • Navels
  • Ram “butting” wounds
  • Damaged tails (e.g. piglets)

Kenofix has also been used as a topical treatment for digital dermatitis lesions in cattle.

''AUTUMN CALVING FOCUS''

KENODIN FILM is an iodine based barrier teat dip.

* A true ''SECOND SKIN'' film that lasts on the teat
* A recognised active ingredient used in teat dips
* Quality emollients to improve teat condition


Please click HERE to see full product details.

If you would like more information or would like to speak with one of the dairy team please call 01935 811400

Please contact us for more information:

Pearce Seeds LLP
Rosedown Farm
Marston Road
Sherborne
Dorset
DT9 4SX


Tel: 01935 811 400
Fax: 01935 816 800

Email: info@pearceseeds.co.uk